Arduino interfacing a pio 8255.

A while back, I acquired a pair of these vintage 8255 devices with the intention of expanding the capabilities of the LPT (Parallel) port.
Although I had planned to increase the data lines from 8 to 24, the project remained dormant.
Recently, while organizing my shed, I stumbled upon these devices and realized their potential in conjunction with my Arduino.
With newfound enthusiasm, I embarked on the journey to unleash the capabilities of the 8255 Programmable Input/Output device using my Arduino platform.

Wiring arduino to the 8255.

The numbers are the arduino pins the variable names are the 8255 pins

int d0 = 2;
int d1 = 3;
int d2 = 4;
int d3 = 5;
int d4 = 6;
int d5 = 7;
int d6 = 8;
int d7 = 9;
int cs = 12;
int rd = 11;
int wr = 10;
int res = A2;
int a0 = A0;
int a1 = A1;
//Declare the dataport to loop over it when setting bits
int outData[8]={d0,d1,d2,d3,d4,d5,d6,d7};
byte porta,portb,portc =B0000000;

Setup the arduino ports

// the setup routine runs once when you press reset:
void setup() {     
  // initialize the digital pins as outputs.
  pinMode(a0, OUTPUT);   
  pinMode(a1, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(res, OUTPUT);    
  pinMode(d0, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(d1, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(d2, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(d3, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(d4, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(d5, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(d6, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(d7, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(cs, OUTPUT);     
  pinMode(rd, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(wr, OUTPUT);

And hooked A0 and A1 of the arduino to the A0 and A1 of the 8255

Because the 8255 is an programmable peripheral interface. It has to be initialized first.

void pio8255init(){
 //Start 8255 init sequence
  digitalWrite(res, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(res, LOW);
  digitalWrite(wr, HIGH);
    Set the byte on the data line to init the 8255
    Set port c to output
  digitalWrite(d0, LOW); 
  //Set port b to output
  digitalWrite(d1, LOW);
  //Set port b to mode 0
  digitalWrite(d2, LOW);
  //Set port c to output 4bit
  digitalWrite(d3, LOW);
  //Set port a to output
  digitalWrite(d4, LOW);
  //Set port a to mode 0
  digitalWrite(d5, LOW);
  digitalWrite(d6, LOW);
  digitalWrite(d7, HIGH);
  //End of the byte
  //Handshake with 8255 to pick up the data
  //Chip handshaking Port a0->high a1->high and set wr->low and the high
  digitalWrite(a0, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(a1, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(wr, LOW);
  digitalWrite(wr, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(rd, HIGH);

With setport you can write a byte to one of the 8255 ports A,B or C in one call.

void setPort(char port, byte data){
   //With the char A|B|C you can set the according ports on the 8255.
   //Track change to support bit switching with porta, portb, portc.
    digitalWrite(a0, LOW);
    digitalWrite(a1, LOW);
   }else if('B'==port){
    digitalWrite(a0, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(a1, LOW);
   }else if('C'==port){
    digitalWrite(a0, LOW);
    digitalWrite(a1, HIGH);
   //Chip handshaking Port cs->low wr->low 
   digitalWrite(cs, LOW);
   digitalWrite(wr, LOW);
   //iterate through bit mask
   int i=0;
   for (byte mask = B00000001; mask>0; mask <<= 1) { 
     if (data & mask){ // if bitwise AND resolves to true
    }else{ //if bitwise and resolves to false
   //Chip handshaking Port cs->high wr->high 
   digitalWrite(wr, HIGH);
   digitalWrite(cs, HIGH);
   //Chip handshaking Port a0->low a1->low
   digitalWrite(A0, LOW);
   digitalWrite(A1, LOW);

With setPin you can write a bit to one of the 8255 24 pins.

//port is 8255 A|B|C, pin 0(lsb) to 7(msb) ,highlow=true|false
//6,212 KHz setPort 6,059 KHz setPin (Writing 1 and 0 means x2)
void setPin(char port,int pin, boolean highlow){
  byte data;
     data=(highlow)?porta | B00000001<

Download arduino file p8255.ino

Also take a look at the 8255 Speedup.